Print What is a Hypothesis?
Pre-scientific sources[ edit ] Stories of the beginning of human life based on the creation story in Genesis have been published for centuries. The 4th-century theologian Ephrem the Syrian described a world in which divine creation instantly produced fully grown organisms: Although the grasses were only a moment old at their creation, they appeared as if they were months old.
Likewise, the trees, although only a day old when they sprouted forth, were nevertheless like He concluded that the religious tradition was correct.
Gosse began with the earlier idea that the Earth contained mature organisms at the instant they were created, and that these organisms had false signs of their development, such as hair on mammals, which grows over time.
Therefore, he reasoned, fossils and other signs of the Earth's age could not be used to prove the age. For instance, John D. Morrispresident of the Institute for Creation Research wrote in about the "appearance of age": When Adam was created, he no doubt looked like a mature adult, fully able to walk, talk, care for the garden, etc.
When God created fruit trees, they were already bearing fruit. In each case, what He created was functionally complete right from the start—able to fulfill the purpose for which it was created. Stars, created on Day Four, had to be seen to perform their purpose of usefulness in telling time; therefore, their light had to be visible on Earth right from the start.
Aardsma go further, with his idea of "virtual history". This appears to suggest that events after the creation have changed the "virtual history" we now see, including the fossils: This raises one more major point of difference, the handling of the Fall.
Briefly, Creation with Appearance of Age runs into a theological snag with things like fossils of fish with other smaller fish in their stomachs: We do not see the original utopian pre-Fall creation with its presumably utopian virtual history.
The appearance of age in the things which God created is a much-debated issue in contemporary Christian scientific circles.
Can God—or more accurately—would God create something which at the very moment of its creation has the appearance of age? The short answer to this question may be: How, indeed, could God create anything that did not appear to us to be aged like a fine wine at the moment of its creation Maybe you thought of a visible star—depending on its distance from the earth, its light might appear to have been traveling for over a billion years to reach your eyes.
All of these things would have the appearance of age and an ongoing process at the very moment of their creation.
A deceptive creator[ edit ] From a religious viewpoint, it can be interpreted as God having "created a fake", such as illusions of light in space of stellar explosions supernovae that never really happened, or volcanic mountains that were never really volcanoes in the first place and that never actually experienced erosion.
This conception has therefore drawn harsh rebuke from some theologians. Hebblethwaite also suggests that God necessarily had to create certain elements of the Universe in combination with the creation of man: To be an adult human being, we have to have gone through a real process of growth and nurture and a real history of interpersonal relation in a real and specific culture.
One can even suggest that it is necessary for the Creator to have fashioned us in and through a whole evolving physical universe. As, again, Austin Farrer put it, "if God wished to make no more than any single one of us, he would need to make half a universe.
Because no one of us would be the creature he is, if a thousand thousand lines of converging history, both physical and personal, had not met in him.
Your life or mine is but a half-sentence in the book of the world. Tear it from its place, and it cannot be read; or if it can be read, it signifies nothing".
God essentially created two conflicting accounts of Creation: How can it be determined which is the real story, and which is the fake designed to mislead us?
One could equally propose that it is nature which presents the real story, and that the Torah was devised by God to test us with a fake history! One has to be able to rely on God's truthfulness if religion is to function. Or, to put it another way—if God went to enormous lengths to convince us that the world is billions of years old, who are we to disagree?
It is a commonly used example of how one may maintain extreme philosophical skepticism with regard to memory. Borges had earlier written a short essay, "The Creation and P. Gosse"  that explored the rejection of Gosse's Omphalos.
Borges argued that its unpopularity stemmed from Gosse's explicit if inadvertent outlining of what Borges characterized as absurdities in the Genesis story.Improving a Hypothesis To Make It Testable While there are many ways to state a hypothesis, you may wish to revise your first hypothesis in order to make it easier to design an experiment to test it.
Before you form a hypothesis, you have to ask a question. You cannot make a guess without first formulating a question. Ask a question in the area you in interested in studying. Do background research. You should always check to see if your question has been answered before.
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The Three-Step Process. It can quite difficult to isolate a testable hypothesis after all of the research and study. The best way is to adopt a three-step hypothesis; this will help you to narrow things down, and is the most foolproof guide to how to write a hypothesis.
This is a book about ten Great Ideas. Each chapter is an attempt to savor one idea that has been discovered by several of the world’s civilizations - to question it in light of what we now know from scientific research, and to extract from it the lessons that still apply to our modern lives.
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